The Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
Original Investigation

AB0 blood types: impact on development of prosthetic mechanical valve thrombosis

Anatol J Cardiol 2016; 16: 820-823
DOI: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2016.6544
Read: 238 Downloads: 138 Published: 01 July 2021

Objective: The non-O alleles of the ABO genotype have been associated with an increased risk of thrombosis. We aimed to assess the associa- tion between blood group status and prosthetic valve thrombosis. Methods: The association between AB0 blood group status and prosthetic valve thrombosis was assessed in this retrospective study. Trans- esophageal echocardiography was performed in 149 patients with a diagnosis of prosthetic valve thrombosis and in 192 control subjects. Results: Non-0 blood group type (p<0.001), presence of NYHA class III-IV status (p<0.001), and central nervous system (p<0.001) and non-central nervous system (p<0.001) emboli were significantly more prevalent in prosthetic valve thrombosis patients than in the control subjects. The incidence of ineffective anticoagulation was higher in patients with prosthetic valve thrombosis than in controls (p<0.001), as was the presence of moderate to severe left atrial spontaneous echo contrast (p<0.001). The non-0 blood prosthetic valve thrombosis subgroup had a higher inci- dence of obstructive thrombi and central nervous system thrombotic events than having 0 blood prosthetic valve thrombosis subgroup. Non-0 blood group, ineffective anticoagulation, left atrial spontaneous echo contrast, and a poor NYHA functional capacity were identified to be the predictors of prosthetic valve thrombosis. Conclusion: Our data demonstrate that patients with non-0 compared with 0 blood groups have higher incidence of prosthetic valve thrombosis and central nervous system embolism and similar rates of non-central nervous system embolism at presentation compared with 0 blood group type. Thus, non-O blood group may be a risk factor that may be prone to the development of prosthetic valve thrombosis in patients with pros- thetic heart valves. (Anatol J Cardiol 2016; 16: 820-3)

ISSN 2149-2263 EISSN 2149-2271