The Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
Original Investigation

The relationship between coronary collateral artery development and inflammatory markers


Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Başkent University; İstanbul-Turkey


1Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara University; Ankara-Turkey

Anatol J Cardiol 2014; 14: 336-341
DOI: 10.5152/akd.2014.4612
Read: 127 Downloads: 103 Published: 01 July 2021

Objective: This study aims to show the effect of myeloperoxidase (MPO), hsCRP, TNF-alpha values and leukocyte count on the development of coronary collateral arteries in patients with severely diseased coronary arteries. Methods: Current study is an observational cross-sectional study. In the study, 295 patients who had functional obstruction or total coronary occlusion at least 1 month on their angiograms were included. We divided the study population into two groups according to their collateral grade as good collateral (Group 1) (169 patients) and poor collateral (Group 2) (126 patients). Multiple logistic regression analysis was used for independent variables associated with the coronary collateral grade. Results: History of stable angina pectoris was statistically more prevalant in good collateral group (61.5% and 48.4%, p=0.025). Furthermore, MPO activation was higher in good collateral group and the difference was statistically significant (3.7 U/mL and 3.0 U/mL p=0.001). In multiple logistic regression analysis, stable angina pectoris [OR 1.7, 95% CI (1.05-2.8), p=0.03] and high MPO levels [OR 2.7, 95% CI (1.7-4.3), p<0.001] were found to be independent predictors of good collateral development. Conclusion: We think that proinflammatory enzymes and cytokines released from these cells rather than inflammatory cells themselves may play an important role on the collateral development.

ISSN 2149-2263 EISSN 2149-2271