ISSN 2149-2263 | E-ISSN 2149-2271
The Anatolian Journal of Cardiology - Anatol J Cardiol: 28 (1)
Volume: 28  Issue: 1 - January 2024
EDITORIAL
1.New Year and New Issue
Çetin Erol
PMID: 38167801  PMCID: PMC10796239  doi: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2024.1  Page 1
Abstract |Full Text PDF

REVIEW
2.Expert Recommendations to Bridge Gaps in Heart Failure Patient Support in the Middle East and Africa Region
Hadi N. Skouri, Yüksel Çavuşoğlu, Ahmed Bennis, Eric Klug, Elijah N. Ogola, Feras Bader, Hilal Bahjet Al Saffar, Hany Ragy, Khaldoon A. Alhumood, Magdy Abdelhamid, Mehmet Birhan Yılmaz, Ramzi Tabbalat
PMID: 38167796  PMCID: PMC10796245  doi: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2023.3517  Pages 2 - 18
Heart failure (HF) remains a serious health and socioeconomic problem in the Middle East and Africa (MEA). The age-standardized prevalence rate for HF in the MEA region is higher compared to countries in Eastern Europe, Latin America, and Southeast Asia. Also cardiovascular-related deaths remain high compared to their global counterparts. Moreover, in MEA, 66% of HF readmissions are elicited by potentially preventable factors, including delay in seeking medical attention, nonadherence to HF medication, suboptimal discharge planning, inadequate follow-up, and poor social support. Patient support in the form of activation, counseling, and caregiver education has been shown to improve outcomes in patients with HF. A multidisciplinary meeting with experts from different countries across the MEA region was convened to identify the current gaps and unmet needs for patient support for HF in the region. The panel provided insights into the real-world challenges in HF patient support and contributed strategic recommendations for optimizing HF care.

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
3.Real-World Data on the Incidence of Stroke, Myocardial Infarction, and Mortality Among Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation Patients in Türkiye: New Oral Anticoagulants-TURKey Study
Serkan Ünlü, Servet Altay, Ömer Gedikli, Özge Özden, Uğur Canpolat, Lütfü Aşkın, Çağrı Yayla, Ahmet Yanık, Hüseyin Altuğ Çakmak, Ümit Yaşar Sinan, Feyzullah Beşli, Mahmut Şahin, Seçkin Pehlivanoğlu
PMID: 37888785  PMCID: PMC10796246  doi: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2023.3389  Pages 19 - 28
Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is strongly associated with an increased risk of ischemic events. Anticoagulation focuses on reducing the risk of embolism. Guideline recommended CHA2DS2-VASc scoring system is most widely used; however, different scoring systems do exist. Thus, we sought to assess the impact of anticoagulant treatment and different scoring systems on the development of stroke, myocardial infarction, and all-cause mortality in patients with nonvalvular AF.

Methods: The present study was designed as a prospective cohort study. The enrollment of the patients was conducted between August 1, 2015, and January 1, 2016. The follow-up period was defined as the time from enrollment to the end of April 1, 2017, which also provided at least 12 months of prospective follow-up for each patient.

Results: A total of 1807 patients with AF were enrolled. During the follow-up, 2.7% (48) of patients had stroke, 0.8% (14) had myocardial infarction, and 7.5% (136) died. The anticoagulation and risk factors in AF (ATRIA) score had a better accuracy for the prediction of stroke compared to other scoring systems (0.729, 95% CI, 0.708-0.750, P <.05). Patients under low-dose rivaroxaban treatment had significantly worse survival (logrank P <.001). Age, CHA2DS2-VASc score, R2CHADS2 score, ATRIA score, chronic heart failure, prior stroke, and being under low-dose rivaroxaban treatment were independent predictors of clinical endpoint (P <.001).

Conclusion: Low-dose rivaroxaban treatment was independently and strongly associated with the combined clinical endpoint. Furthermore, the ATRIA score proved to be a stronger predictor of stroke in the Turkish population.

4.Endoscopic Thoracic Sympathectomy in the Treatment of Vasospastic Angina Resistant to Medical Therapy
Mustafa Azmi Sungur, Gönül Zeren, Mehmet Fatih Yılmaz, İlhan İlker Avcı, Fatma Can, Tuğba Çetin, Aylin Sungur, Ozan Tezen, Enver Yücel, Ali Karagöz, Tamer Okay, Can Yücel Karabay
PMID: 37842759  PMCID: PMC10796241  doi: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2023.3484  Pages 29 - 34
Background: In this study, we aimed to investigate the clinical follow-up results of endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy (ETS) in the treatment of vasospastic angina (VSA) resistant to maximal medical therapy.

Methods: A total of 80 patients with VSA who presented to our hospital between 2010 and 2022 were included in our study. Among them, 6 patients who did not respond to medical therapy underwent ETS. In-hospital and long-term clinical outcomes of patients who underwent ETS were recorded.

Results: The median age of the patients with VSA was 57 [48-66] years, and 70% of the group were males. In the ETS group, compared to the non-ETS group, higher numbers of hospital admissions and coronary angiographies were observed before ETS (median 6 [5-6] versus 2 [1-3], P <.001; median 5 [3-6] versus 2 [1-3], P =.004, respectively). Additionally, while 2 patients (33.3%) in the ETS group had implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), only 2 patients (2.7%) in the non-ETS group had ICD (P =.027). Out of the 6 patients who underwent ETS, 2 were females, with a median age of 56 [45-63] years. Four patients underwent successful bilateral ETS, while 2 patients underwent unilateral ETS. During the follow-up period after ETS, only 3 patients experienced sporadic attacks (once in 28 months, twice in 41 months, and once in 9 years, respectively), while no attacks were observed in 3 patients during their median follow-up of 7 years.

Conclusion: It appears that ETS is effective in preventing VSA attacks without any major complications.

5.A Novel Body Mass Index-Based Thromboembolic Risk Score for Overweight Patients with Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation
Meixiang Yu, Xiaoye Li, Liuliu Zong, Zi Wang, Qianzhou Lv
PMID: 37961898  PMCID: PMC10796238  doi: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2023.3373  Pages 35 - 43
Background: A novel risk prediction model appears to be urgently required to improve the assessment of thrombotic risk in overweight patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). We developed a novel body mass index (BMI)-based thromboembolic risk score (namely AB2S score) for these patients.

Methods: A total of 952 overweight patients with NVAF were retrospectively enrolled in this study with a 12-month follow-up. The primary endpoint was 1-year systemic thromboembolism and the time to thrombosis (TTT). The candidate risk variables identified by logistic regression analysis were included in the final nomogram model to construct AB2S score. The measures of model fit were evaluated using area under the curve (AUC), C-statistic, and calibration curve. The performance comparison of the AB2S score to the CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc score was performed in terms of the AUC and decision analysis curve (DAC).

Results: The AB2S score was constructed using 7 candidate risk variables, including a 3-category BMI (25 to 30, 30 to 34, or ≥35 kg/m2). It yielded a c-index of 0.885 (95% CI, 0.814-0.954) and an AUC of 0.885 (95% CI, 0.815-0.955) for predicting 1-year systemic thromboembolism in patients with NVAF. Compared to the CHADS2 score and CHA2DS2-VASc score, the AB2S score had greater AUC and DAC values in predicting the thromboembolic risk and better risk stratification in TTT (P <.0001, P =.082, respectively).

Conclusion: Our results highlighted the importance of a BMI-based AB2S score in determining systemic thromboembolism risk in overweight patients with NVAF, which may aid in decision-making for these patients to balance the effectiveness of anticoagulation from the underlying thrombotic risk.

6.Clinical Features and Mortality Rate of Infective Endocarditis in Intensive Care Unit: A Large-Scale Study and Literature Review
Alberto Cresti, Pasquale Baratta, Francesco De Sensi, Elio Aloia, Bruno Sposato, Ugo limbruno
PMID: 38167795  PMCID: PMC10796247  doi: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2023.3463  Pages 44 - 54
Background: Large-scale multicentric studies reported that, despite advances in diagnosis, antibiotics, and surgical treatment, infective endocarditis (IE) in-hospital mortality remains high. Most data have been obtained from patients treated in infective disease wards, internal medicine, cardiology, or cardiac surgery departments and are therefore heterogeneous. The few studies focused on complicated IE patients leading to intensive care unit (ICU) admission have reported different methodologies and results. The aim of our study was to describe the epidemiological, clinical, and microbial features of critically ill patients admitted to the ICU with a definite IE diagnosis.

Methods: We conducted a prospective case-series population study from January 1, 1998, to December 31, 2020. Patients were divided into 2 groups: “Ward” (group 1) and “ICU” patients (group 2), and a 1-year follow-up was performed.

Results: After performing a univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis, we found that the independent predictors of ICU admission were vegetation diameter >10 mm, abnormal PaO2/FiO2 ratio, and acute heart failure. Five independent mortality risk factors were identified: SOFA score >14, not performing surgery, age >70 years, acute heart failure, and embolic complications.

Conclusions: Infective endocarditis in-hospital mortality remains high. ICU admission and mortality can be predicted by independent risk factors.

7.Myricetin May Improve Cardiac Dysfunction Possibly Through Regulating Blood Pressure and Cellular Stress Molecules in High-Fructose-Fed Rats
Nur Banu Bal, Ceren Güney, Onur Gökhan Yıldırım, Fatma Akar, Emine Demirel-yılmaz
PMID: 38167793  PMCID: PMC10796237  doi: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2023.3866  Pages 55 - 64
Background: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of myricetin on cardiac dysfunction caused by high fructose intake.

Methods: Fructose was given to the rats as a 20% solution in drinking water for 15 weeks. Myricetin was administered by oral gavage for the last 6 weeks. Systolic blood pressure was measured by tail-cuff method. The effects of isoprenaline, phenylephrine, and acetylcholine on cardiac contractility and rhythmicity were recorded in the isolated right atrium and left ventricular papillary muscles. In addition to biochemical measurements, the cardiac expressions of cellular stress-related proteins were determined by western blotting.

Results: Myricetin improved systolic blood pressure but did not affect body weight, plasma glucose, and triglyceride levels in fructose-fed rats. The impairment of isoprenaline- and phenylephrine-mediated increases in atrial contraction and sinus rate in fructose-fed rats was restored by myricetin treatment. Isoprenaline, phenylephrine, and acetylcholine-mediated papillary muscle contractions were not changed by fructose or myricetin administration. The expression of the mitochondrial fission marker dynamin-related protein 1 and the mitophagic marker PTEN-induced kinase 1 (PINK1) was enhanced in the fructose-fed rat, and myricetin treatment markedly attenuated PINK1 expression. High-fructose intake augmented phosphorylation of the proinflammatory molecule Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) and the stress-regulated kinase JNK1, but myricetin only reduced NF-κB expression. Moreover, myricetin diminished the elevation in the expression of the pro-apoptotic Bax.

Conclusion: Our results imply that myricetin has a protective role in cardiac irregularities induced by a high-fructose diet through reducing systolic blood pressure, improving cardiac adrenergic responses, suppressing PINK1, NF-κB, and Bax expression, and thus reflecting a potential therapeutic value.

CASE REPORT
8.Acute Myocardial Infarction Caused by Suicidal Hanging Attempt
Ferit Onur Mutluer, Emin Gökhan Gencer, Dilan Karaçam, Ömer Emanet, Mehmet Ali Yücel
PMID: 38167798  PMCID: PMC10796244  doi: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2023.4000  Pages 65 - 67
Abstract |Full Text PDF

LETTER TO THE EDITOR
9.Can Differences in Non-Vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulant Preferences Result in Varying Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation?
Bülent Özlek
PMID: 38167799  PMCID: PMC10796248  doi: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2023.4098  Pages 68 - 69
Abstract |Full Text PDF

LETTER TO THE EDITOR REPLY
10.Reply to Letter to the Editor: “Can Differences in Non-Vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulant Preferences Result in Varying Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation?”
Serkan Ünlü, Servet Altay, Ömer Gedikli, Özge Özden, Uğur Canpolat, Lütfü Aşkın, Çağrı Yayla, Ahmet Yanık, Hüseyin Altuğ Çakmak, Ümit Yaşar Sinan, Feyzullah Beşli, Mahmut Şahin, Seçkin Pehlivanoğlu
PMID: 38167800  PMCID: PMC10796243  doi: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2023.4097  Page 70
Abstract |Full Text PDF

LIST OF REVIEWERS
11.Acknowledgment to Our Reviewers 2023

Pages 71 - 72
Abstract |Full Text PDF

E-PAGE ORIGINAL IMAGES
12.Functional Coronary Collateral Circulation in Severe Aortic Stenosis with the Absence of Coronary Artery Disease
Hacı Ali Kürklü, Türkan Seda Tan, Çağdaş Özdöl
PMID: 38167797  PMCID: PMC10796242  doi: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2023.3687  Pages E1 - E2
Abstract |Full Text PDF | Video

13.Novel Technique to Percutaneous Stent Implantation for Coarctation of the Aorta: Safari Wire Pacing
Veysel Özgür Barış, Fatih Poyraz, Emin Erdem Kaya
PMID: 38167794  PMCID: PMC10796240  doi: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2023.3786  Pages E3 - E5
Abstract |Full Text PDF | Video



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