ISSN 2149-2263 | E-ISSN 2149-2271
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Cancer Therapy-Related Pulmonary Hypertension: A Review of Mechanisms and Implications for Clinical Practice [Anatol J Cardiol]
Anatol J Cardiol. 2023; 27(6): 299-307 | DOI: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2023.3013

Cancer Therapy-Related Pulmonary Hypertension: A Review of Mechanisms and Implications for Clinical Practice

Muhammet Gürdoğan, Melik Demir, Kenan Yalta, Yekta Gülertop
Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Trakya University, Edirne, Turkey

Cancer therapy-related pulmonary hypertension is a rare yet potentially fatal cardiotoxicity. However, it is a reversible cause of pulmonary hypertension if detected in its early stages. Cancer therapy-related pulmonary hypertension has been encountered in patients using tyrosine kinase inhibitors, particularly dasatinib. However, it is also well known that many agents used in cancer treatment such as alkylating agents, proteasome inhibitors, thoracic radiation exposure, and immune checkpoint inhibitors are particularly associated with pulmonary hypertension evolution. In case that history, symptoms, and clinical findings suggest a potential cancer therapy-related pulmonary hypertension, echocardiography is considered as the initial tool to detect pulmonary hypertension. If the possibility of pulmonary hypertension is high based on echocardiographic data, cancer treatment, as the initial step, should be discontinued due to its potential risks and other causes for pulmonary hypertension should be investigated thoroughly. Right heart catheterization should be the next step to establish the final diagnosis, and medical management, where appropriate, should be started without delay in these patients according to their pulmonary hypertension subgroup. There exists limited information regarding the diagnostic and management strategies of cancer therapy-related pulmonary hypertension in the current guidelines. In this review article, we aim to present current literature data on the mechanisms and management of cancer therapy-related pulmonary hypertension along with its follow-up algorithm in the setting of cardio-oncology practice.

Keywords: Cardio-oncology, cardiotoxicity, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, pulmonary hypertension

Muhammet Gürdoğan, Melik Demir, Kenan Yalta, Yekta Gülertop. Cancer Therapy-Related Pulmonary Hypertension: A Review of Mechanisms and Implications for Clinical Practice. Anatol J Cardiol. 2023; 27(6): 299-307

Corresponding Author: Muhammet Gürdoğan, Türkiye
Manuscript Language: English


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