Objective: Speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) enables global and regional evaluation of the left ventricle (LV); therefore, it is the most useful method for detecting subclinical dysfunction in patients exposed to cardiotoxic agents. A novel technique triplane (3P) echocardiography also allows single beat assessment of LV global longitudinal strain values. We firstly aimed to demonstrate both two-dimensional (2D)- and 3P-STE-derived LV global longitudinal strain measurements in children after anthracycline exposure.
Methods: This study included 23 cross-sectionally enrolled asymptomatic pediatric cancer patients who received anthracycline chemotherapy and 17 healthy controls matched by age, gender, and body surface area. All subjects underwent detailed 2D, Doppler, 2D-STE, and 3P-STE for assessment of LV function. The patients had received a median cumulative dose of 150 mg/m2.
Results: 1. From Pulsed Doppler-based measurements, only pulmonary vein flow ratio showed a significant difference between the groups. 2. When measurements were taken from the interventricular septum, the patients ejection time values decreased significantly and their myocardial performance index values increased significantly; when the measurements were taken from the LV free wall, the peak systolic velocities showed a statistically significant difference. 3. Both 2D- and 3P-STE-derived longitudinal myocardial deformation values of LV were lower in the patient group. 4. 2D-STE-derived LV circumferential strain values were decreased in the patient group, whereas radial strain values were not significantly different compared with matched controls.
Conclusion: Using Doppler and 2D- and 3P-STE methods, this study confirmed the subclinical LV dysfunction in patients after anthracycline exposure.