ISSN 2149-2263 | E-ISSN 2149-2271
Arrhythmias Beyond Atrial Fibrillation Detection Using Smartwatches: A Systematic Review [Anatol J Cardiol]
Anatol J Cardiol. 2023; 27(3): 126-131 | DOI: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2023.2799

Arrhythmias Beyond Atrial Fibrillation Detection Using Smartwatches: A Systematic Review

Levent Pay1, Ahmet Çağdaş Yumurtaş1, Danish Iltaf Satti2, Jeremy Man Ho Hui3, Jeffrey Shi Kai Chan2, Gauranga Mahalwar4, Yan Hiu Athena Lee3, Ozan Tezen1, Oğuzhan Birdal5, Duygu Inan6, Eyup Özkan6, Gary Tse7, Göksel Çinier6
1Department of Cardiology, Dr. Siyami Ersek Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Surgery Hospital, Üsküdar, Istanbul, Turkey
2Epidemiology Research Unit, Cardiovascular Analytics Group, Hong Kong, China-UK Collaboration, China
3International Health Informatics Study Network, Cardiovascular Analytics Group, Hong Kong, China-UK Collaboration
4Cleveland Clinic Akron General
5Department of Cardiology, Ataturk University Faculty of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey
6Deparment of Cardiology, Başakşehir Çam and Sakura City Hospital, Turkey
7Epidemiology Research Unit, Cardiovascular Analytics Group, Hong Kong, China-UK Collaboration, China; Kent and Medway Medical School, Canterbury, UK; Tianjin Key Laboratory of Ionic-Molecular Function of Cardiovascular Disease, Department of Cardiology, Tianjin Institute of Cardiology, Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China

Background: Over the past few years, smartwatches have become increasingly popular in the monitoring of arrhythmias. Although the detection of atrial fibrillation with smartwatches has been the subject of various articles, there is no comprehensive research on the detection of arrhythmias other than atrial fibrillation. In this study, we included individual cases from the literature to identify the characteristics of patients with smartwatch-detected arrhythmias other than atrial fibrillation.

Methods: PubMed, Embase, and SCOPUS were searched for case reports, case series, or cohort studies that reported individual participant-level data, until January 6, 2022. The following search string was used for each databases: (“Smart Watch” OR “Apple Watch” OR “Samsung Gear”) AND (“Supraventricular Tachycardia” OR “Cardiac Arrhythmia” OR “Ventricular Tachycardia” OR “Atrioventricular Nodal Reentry Tachycardia” OR “Atrioventricular Reentrant Tachycardia” OR “Heart Block” OR “Atrial Flutter” OR “Ectopic Atrial Tachycardia” OR “Bradyarrhythmia”).

Results: A total of 52 studies from PubMed, 20 studies from Embase, and 200 studies from SCOPUS were identified. After screening, 18 articles were included. A total of 22 patients were obtained from 14 case reports or case series. Four cohort studies evaluating various arrhythmias were included. Arrhythmias, including ventricular tachycardia, atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia, atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia, second- or third-degree atrioventricular block, and sinus bradycardia, were detected with smartwatches.

Conclusions: Cardiac arrhythmias other than atrial fibrillation are also commonly detected with smartwatches. Smartwatches have an important potential besides traditional methods in the detection of arrhythmias and clinical practice.

Keywords: Apple watch, arrhythmia and antiarrythmics, atrial fibrillation, Smartwatch, supraventricular tachycardias

Levent Pay, Ahmet Çağdaş Yumurtaş, Danish Iltaf Satti, Jeremy Man Ho Hui, Jeffrey Shi Kai Chan, Gauranga Mahalwar, Yan Hiu Athena Lee, Ozan Tezen, Oğuzhan Birdal, Duygu Inan, Eyup Özkan, Gary Tse, Göksel Çinier. Arrhythmias Beyond Atrial Fibrillation Detection Using Smartwatches: A Systematic Review. Anatol J Cardiol. 2023; 27(3): 126-131

Corresponding Author: Levent Pay, Türkiye
Manuscript Language: English

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