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A New Echocardiographic Approach in Assessing Pulmonary Vascular Bed in Patients with Congenital Heart Disease: Pulmonary Artery Stiffness [Anatol J Cardiol]
Anatol J Cardiol. 2003; 3(2): 92-97

A New Echocardiographic Approach in Assessing Pulmonary Vascular Bed in Patients with Congenital Heart Disease: Pulmonary Artery Stiffness

Şevket Görgülü1, Mehmet Eren1, Aydın Yıldırım1, Orhan Özer1, Nevzat Uslu1, Seden Çelik1, Bahadır Dağdeviren2, Zekeriya Nurkalem1, Bayram Bağırtan3, Tuna Tezel1
1Siyami Ersek Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Center, Cardiology Department, Istanbul-Turkey
2Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Maltepe University, İstanbul
3Clinic of Cardiology, Avrupa Şafak Hospital, Clinic of Cardiology, Avrasya Hospital, Istanbul-Turkey

Objective: The state of pulmonary vascular bed in congenital heart disease is the predictor of the patients’ clinical condition, prognosis and outcome of surgical intervention.This study aims to investigate the condition of pulmonary vascular bed analysing pulmonary artery stiffness by means of Doppler echocardiography. Method: Thirty-three patients (16 females, mean age 26±15 years) with various congenital heart diseases such as atrial septal defect (20 patients), ventricular septal defect (10 patients), patent ductus arteriosus (2 patients), atrioventricular septal defect ( 1 patient) were enrolled in this study. Systemic flow (Qs), pulmonary flow (Qp), systemic vascular resistance, pulmonary vascular resistance were calculated according to Fick method by using data obtained during left and right heart catheterization. Echocardiographically, pulmonary artery stiffness (PAS) was calculated by using maximal frequency shift (MFS) and accelleration time (AcT) of the pulmonary artery flow trace. PAS (kHz/sec)= MFS/AcT. Results: Invasively, the average Qp/Qs ratio, mean pulmonary artery pressure, and pulmonary vascular resistance were found as 2.58 ± 1.25, 25±20 mmHg, and 135±217 dyn.sec.cm-5, respectively. Echocardiographically, PAS was found to be 33±17 kHz/sec. Pulmonary artery stiffness was correlated with mean pulmonary artery pressure (r=0.63; p<0.001) and pulmonary vascular resistance (r=0.55, p<0.001), while no relation was found with Qp/Qs. Conclusion: Estimation of pulmonary artery stiffness by using pulmonary flow maximal frequency shift and acceleration time obtained by means of Doppler echocardiography may give us an idea about the state of pulmonary vascular bed.

Keywords: Pulmonary artery stiffness, pulmonary vascular bed

Şevket Görgülü, Mehmet Eren, Aydın Yıldırım, Orhan Özer, Nevzat Uslu, Seden Çelik, Bahadır Dağdeviren, Zekeriya Nurkalem, Bayram Bağırtan, Tuna Tezel. A New Echocardiographic Approach in Assessing Pulmonary Vascular Bed in Patients with Congenital Heart Disease: Pulmonary Artery Stiffness. Anatol J Cardiol. 2003; 3(2): 92-97