ISSN 2149-2263 | E-ISSN 2149-2271
Distribution and Economic Burden of Diabetes-Related Microvascular Complications in Türkiye [Anatol J Cardiol]
Anatol J Cardiol. 2023; 27(10): 597-607 | DOI: 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2023.3762

Distribution and Economic Burden of Diabetes-Related Microvascular Complications in Türkiye

Suayip Birinci1, Berna Simten Malhan2
1T.C. Deputy Minister of Health, Ankara, Türkiye
2Department of Healthcare Management, Güven Healthcare Group, Ankara, Türkiye

Background: The aim of the study was to map microvascular complications associated with diabetes mellitus from personal health records and to guide chronic disease management by revealing the economic burden of the disease.

Method: The data of patients with diabetes who developed microvascular complications were obtained from the e-Pulse database of the Ministry of Health, with the definitions of the disease. First, the distribution of patients by province and gender was determined and then patients with multiple complications were identified. Only direct costs and their distribution on the basis of complications were determined from the database according to the cost of illness methodology from the payer’s perspective. Then, average annual per-patient costs were determined using a top-down costing approach.

Results: Between 2016 and 2020, a total of 7 656 700 patients with diabetes were reached. The number of patients with microvascular complications between 2016 and 2020 obtained from the e-Pulse database with the above definitions was 1 466 387. Regarding the complications, a total of 66 838 people developed nephropathy, 314 706 people developed retinopathy, and 1 084 843 people developed neuropathy. The total cost of patients with microvascular complications was $1 482 278 950.76 and the average annual cost per patient was $1010.84. The average annual cost of neuropathy is $659 862 971.96, retinopathy is $356 594 282.51 and nephropathy is $465 821 696.29, with per-patient costs of $701.82, $1495.24, and $10 516.11, respectively.

Conclusion: Diabetes mellitus, with its microvascular complications, causes significant disease and economic burden. Türkiye’s national health database system, e-Pulse, is an important database that provides patient follow-up at both individual and population levels and helps with the management of the disease and taking preventive measures before the development of the complications.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, economic burden of diabetes related microvascular complications, neuropathy, nephropathy, retinopathy, personal health record

Suayip Birinci, Berna Simten Malhan. Distribution and Economic Burden of Diabetes-Related Microvascular Complications in Türkiye. Anatol J Cardiol. 2023; 27(10): 597-607

Corresponding Author: Suayip Birinci
Manuscript Language: English

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