ISSN 2149-2263 | E-ISSN 2149-2271
The Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
Diagnostic accuracy of P-wave dispersion in prediction of maintenance of sinus rhythm after external cardioversion of atrial fibrillation [Anatol J Cardiol]
Anatol J Cardiol. 2011; 11(1): 34-38 | DOI: 10.5152/akd.2011.006

Diagnostic accuracy of P-wave dispersion in prediction of maintenance of sinus rhythm after external cardioversion of atrial fibrillation

Nurcan Başar1, Özgül Malçok Gürel2, Fırat Özcan3, Mehmet Fatih Özlü4, Asuman Biçer Yeşilay5, Kumral Çağlı1, Nihat Şen6, Ahmet İşleyen7, Belma Uygur8, İbrahim Akpınar9, Abdullah Tunçez7, Zehra Gölbaşı8
1Türkiye Yüksek İhtisas Hastanesi, Kardiyoloji Bölümü, Ankara
2Department of Cardiology, Kırıkkale Yüksek İhtisas Hospital, Kırıkkale
3Department of Cardiology, Yüksek İhtisas Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
4Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Abant İzzet Baysal University, Bolu-Turkey
5Department of Cardiology, Dışkapı Yıldırım Beyazıt Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
6Gazi Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Kardiyoloji Anabilim Dalı, Ankara, Türkiye
7Department of Cardiology, Türkiye Yüksek İhtisas Hospital, Ankara
8Clinic of Cardiology, Türkiye Yüksek İhtisas Education and Reseach Hospital, Ankara-Turkey
9Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Bulent Ecevit University, Zonguldak-Turkey

Objective: P-wave dispersion (PWD) is an electrocardiographic measurement, which reflects a disparity in an atrial conduction. In this study, we aim to demonstrate the diagnostic accuracy of PWD in predicting recurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with sinus rhythm restoration after external cardioversion. Methods: This prospective, observational study consists of 26 patients, who underwent external cardioversion for non-valvular persistent AF and successfully cardioverted to sinus rhythm (13 men, mean age 58.1±11 years). Twelve-lead surface electrocardiogram of each patient was recorded immediately after the external cardioversion process to measure the P-wave duration. Recurrent AF was assessed for each patient during the 12-month follow-up after restoring the sinus rhythm. Patients were divided into the 2 groups with respect to the AF recurrence (recurrent AF group, (n=19), and sinus rhythm group, (n=7)) and variables that can affect AF development were compared between the two groups. Stepwise logistic regression analysis was used to identify the independent predictors of AF recurrence and ROC curve analysis was performed to determine the cut-off value of independent factors. Results: The two groups have similar demographic, clinical and echocardiographic features. Patients with recurrent AF had significantly higher PWD than those who continued to have a sinus rhythm (80±21 msec vs 53±11 msec, p=0.001, respectively). There is a positive correlation observed between the increase in PWD and the risk of AF recurrence (r=0.643; p<0.001). In logistic regression analysis, PWD was found to be an independent predictor of AF recurrence (OR 1.192 (95% CI 1.032-1.375), p= 0.013). Receiver operating characteristic analysis revealed that the best cut-off value of PWD for maintenance of sinus rhythm was 58 msec (sensitivity: 86%, specificity: 95%, AUC=0.917, 95% CI=0.785-1.05, p=0.001). Conclusion: This study suggests that PWD analysis after successful external cardioversion has diagnostic accuracy to predict the recurrence of AF.


Nurcan Başar, Özgül Malçok Gürel, Fırat Özcan, Mehmet Fatih Özlü, Asuman Biçer Yeşilay, Kumral Çağlı, Nihat Şen, Ahmet İşleyen, Belma Uygur, İbrahim Akpınar, Abdullah Tunçez, Zehra Gölbaşı. Diagnostic accuracy of P-wave dispersion in prediction of maintenance of sinus rhythm after external cardioversion of atrial fibrillation. Anatol J Cardiol. 2011; 11(1): 34-38
Manuscript Language: English


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