Objective: We describe left ventricular (LV) volumes, myocardial and trabeculated muscle mass and strains with Cardiac magnetic resonance of a large cohort (n=81) who fulfilled the morphologic criteria of left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) and had good ejection fraction (EF >55%) and compare them with healthy controls (n=81). Male and female patients were compared to matched controls and to each other. We also investigated the LV trabeculated muscle mass cutoff in male and female patients with LVNC.
Methods: 81 participants with LVNC and 81 healthy controls were included. Male and female patients were compared to matched controls and to each other. We also investigated the left ventricular trabeculated muscle mass cut-off in male and female LVNC patients.
Results: The LV parameters of the LVNC population were normal, but they had significantly higher volumes, myocardial and trabeculated muscle mass, and a significantly smaller EF than the controls. Similar differences were observed after stratifying by sex. The optimal LV trabeculated muscle mass cutoffs were 25.8 g/m2 in men (area under the curve: 0.81) and 19.0 g/m2 in women (area under the curve: 0.87). The patients had normal global strains but a significantly worse global circumferential strain (patients vs controls: −29.9±4.9 vs. −35.8±4.7%, p<.05) and significantly higher circumferential mechanical dispersion than the controls (patients vs. controls: 7.6±4.2 vs. 6.1±2.8%; p<.05). No disease-related strain differences were noted between men and women.
Conclusion: The LV functional and strain characteristics of the LVNC cohort differed significantly from those of healthy participants; this might be caused by increased LV trabeculation, and its clinical relevance might be questionable. The LV trabeculated muscle mass was very different between men and women; thus, the use of sex-specific morphologic diagnostic criteria should be considered.