ISSN 2149-2263 | E-ISSN 2149-2271
The Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
Effect of iterative reconstruction on image quality in evaluating patients with coronary calcifications or stents during coronary computed tomography angiography: a pilot study [Anatol J Cardiol]
Anatol J Cardiol. 2016; 16(2): 119-124 | DOI: 10.5152/akd.2015.5920

Effect of iterative reconstruction on image quality in evaluating patients with coronary calcifications or stents during coronary computed tomography angiography: a pilot study

Ezgi Güler, Volkan Vural, Emre Ünal, Ilgaz Çağatay Köse, Deniz Akata, Muşturay Karcaaltıncaba, Tuncay Hazırolan
Department Of Radiology, Faculty Of Medicine, Hacettepe University; Ankara- Turkey

Objective: To determine the effect of “Iterative Reconstruction in Image Space” (IRIS) on image quality by comparing reconstructions of both medium and sharp kernels when evaluating coronary calcifications or stents during coronary computed tomography (CT) angiography.
Methods: Thirty one consecutive patients were scanned with an electrocardiogram-gated helical technique on a dual-source CT system. Image reconstruction was performed using standard filtered back projection (FBP) and IRIS algorithm on both medium and sharp kernels (B26f, I26f, B46f, I46f). Each reconstruction was derived from the same raw data. Two blinded readers graded image quality using a five-point scale. Noise, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) were obtained. Noise was derived from the ascending aorta and left ventricle. SNR was obtained from sinus Valsalva, interventricular septum, and coronary vessels. CNR was obtained from septum, coronary vessels, and left ventricle. Comparisons of paired results between FBP and IRIS images were analyzed using the repeated measures analysis of variance method. Interreader correlation was assessed using weighted Kappa statistic.
Results: Noise values of the ascending aorta and left ventricle were significantly lower in the images reconstructed with IRIS than those reconstructed with FBP for the evaluation of the same filters. SNR and CNR values were higher in the IRIS images (p<0.05). Interreader agreement for four reconstructions was interpreted as moderate (κ=0.40–0.59).
Conclusion: IRIS significantly reduced image noise and improved imaging of coronary calcifications or stents. When combined with a sharp kernel, IRIS can improve image quality by reducing the negative effects of decreased signal that may result from using a sharp kernel.

Keywords: coronary computed tomography angiography, iterative reconstruction, coronary calcification, stent

Ezgi Güler, Volkan Vural, Emre Ünal, Ilgaz Çağatay Köse, Deniz Akata, Muşturay Karcaaltıncaba, Tuncay Hazırolan. Effect of iterative reconstruction on image quality in evaluating patients with coronary calcifications or stents during coronary computed tomography angiography: a pilot study. Anatol J Cardiol. 2016; 16(2): 119-124

Corresponding Author: Ezgi Güler, Türkiye
Manuscript Language: English


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