Objective: The effect of malnutrition in patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is not fully understood. In this study, we tried to investigate the prognostic consequence of the Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT) score in patients with STEMI.
Methods: In this study, we evaluated the CONUT scores of 1,028 patients with STEMI and examined its relationship with major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) (all-cause mortality, myocardial reinfarction, and vessel revascularization) during a period of 19.9±10.3 months. Patients with CONUT score ≥5 were defined as severely malnourished. Predictors of MACE were assessed by Cox regression analysis, and p<0.05 was considered to indicate statistical significance.
Results: MACE was observed in a total of 147 (14.3%) patients. MACE was more frequent in the group with a higher CONUT score (33.3% vs. 10.9%, p<0.001). CONUT score ≥5 was an independent predictor of MACE in the Cox regression analysis (hazard ratio=2.50, 95% confidence interval: 1.613.90, p<0.001). Low ejection fraction, Killip class ≥3 at presentation, thrombolysis in myocardial infarction flow grade <3 after intervention, left main artery involvement, and low hemoglobin levels were other independent predictors of MACE in the long-term follow-up. KaplanMeier curves showed decreased MACE free survival rates in the high CONUT score group at a mean 19.9±10.3 months follow-up duration (log-rank p<0.01).
Conclusion: Malnutrition was strongly associated with poor outcomes in patients with STEMI treated using primary percutaneous coronary intervention.