ISSN 2149-2263 | E-ISSN 2149-2271
The Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
Association between stroke and acute myocardial infarction and its related risk factors: hypertension and diabetes [Anatol J Cardiol]
Anatol J Cardiol. 2006; 6(1): 24-27

Association between stroke and acute myocardial infarction and its related risk factors: hypertension and diabetes

Abdülbari Bener1, Saadat Kamran2, Elhadi B. Elouzi3, Ayman Hamad2, Richard F. Heller4
1Department of Medical Statistics & Epidemiology Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, State of Qatar
2Department of Neurology Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, State of Qatar
3Department of Medicine, Hamad General Hospital Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, State of Qatar
4Dept. Evidence for Population Health Unit, School of Epidemiology and Health Sciences, The University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom

Objective: The aim of this study was to find the association between stroke, acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and assess related risk factors such as diabetes, hypertension and atrial fibrillation. Methods: This is a cohort study with prospective and retrospective outcomes. All patients who were hospitalised in Hamad General Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation with stroke from January 1999 to December 2003 were included. The diagnostic classification of stroke and associated risk factors were made in accordance with the International Classification of Disease 9th revision. Results: Total 377 stroke patients were treated during the five years period. The average annual incidence of stroke for 5 years was 11.7 per 100,000 population. The incidence of AMI was higher in males than in females (73.5% vs 26.5%). There was a significant difference in stroke patients with AMI in respect of their gender (P<0.001). Conclusion: The present study supports the hypothesis that there is a strong association between stroke, AMI and related risk factors such as diabetes, hypertension and other cardiovascular disease risk factors. Furthermore, present study showed that 60% of stroke patients had AMI and nearly 46.4% of stroke patients had diabetes mellitus.

Keywords: Epidemiology, acute myocardial infarction, stroke, hypertension, diabetes, Qatar

Abdülbari Bener, Saadat Kamran, Elhadi B. Elouzi, Ayman Hamad, Richard F. Heller. Association between stroke and acute myocardial infarction and its related risk factors: hypertension and diabetes. Anatol J Cardiol. 2006; 6(1): 24-27
Manuscript Language: English


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