ISSN 2149-2263 | E-ISSN 2149-2271
The Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
Clinical and angiographic importance of right bundle branch block in the setting of acute anterior myocardial infarction [Anatol J Cardiol]
Anatol J Cardiol. 2008; 8(2): 123-127

Clinical and angiographic importance of right bundle branch block in the setting of acute anterior myocardial infarction

Uğur Arslan1, Serhat Balcıoğlu2, Yusuf Tavil2, Murat Özdemir2, Atiye Çengel2
1Clinic of Cardiology, Türkiye Yüksek İhtisas Training and Research Hospital, Ankara-Turkey
2Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey

Objective: To investigate functional status of patients (Killip class), left ventricular contractility, angiographic anatomy and severity of coronary lesions in patients with and without right bundle branch block (RBBB) in the setting of anterior myocardial infarction (MI). Methods: Patients who admitted to coronary care unit with the diagnosis of acute anterior MI between 1999 and 2005 were retrospectively searched from our database. Out of 792 patients, 37 had RBBB (RBBB group) either at admission or in the course of anterior MI. Forty patients who developed no intraventricular conduction defect during the course of anterior MI with the same demographic characteristics were selected as the control group. Results: Out of 37 patients, 30 had RBBB on admission and 7 developed RBBB in the course of acute MI. Left anterior descending artery (LAD) proximal lesion was more commonly detected in the RBBB group [23 (62.2%) vs. 11 (27.5%) patients, p=0.003]. Left ventricular ejection fraction was lower (33.0±4.2% vs 36.7±4.9%, p=0.003) and end-systolic volume was higher (84.1±24.9 ml vs 74.6±22.0 ml, p=0.012) in patients with RBBB. Number of patients with high Killip grade (III and IV) was more in the RBBB group [7 (18.9%) vs 3 (7.5%), RR: 1.75, %95 CI 0.92-3.32, p=0.14], and number of patients with Killip grade I was more in the control group [34 (85.0%) vs 22 (59.5%), p=0.012]. Besides mean Killip class was higher in the RBBB group (1.65±0.90 vs 1.25±0.67, p=0.03). Three patients (8.1%) in the RBBB group and 2 patients (5.0%) in the control group died during hospitalization (p=0.67). Conclusion: Left ventricular ejection fraction decreases and Killip grade increases in case of RBBB in the setting of acute anterior MI. Culprit lesion in patients with RBBB is more commonly a LAD proximal lesion and threatened myocardial tissue is larger in patients with RBBB.

Keywords: Acute anterior myocardial infarction, coronary angiography, right bundle branch block

Uğur Arslan, Serhat Balcıoğlu, Yusuf Tavil, Murat Özdemir, Atiye Çengel. Clinical and angiographic importance of right bundle branch block in the setting of acute anterior myocardial infarction. Anatol J Cardiol. 2008; 8(2): 123-127
Manuscript Language: English


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