ISSN 2149-2263 | E-ISSN 2149-2271
The Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
The secret enemy during a flight: Economy class syndrome [Anatol J Cardiol]
Anatol J Cardiol. 2021; 25(1): 13-17 | DOI: 10.5152/AnatolJCardiol.2021.S106

The secret enemy during a flight: Economy class syndrome

Cengiz Şabanoğlu
Department of Cardiology, Kırıkkale Yüksek İhtisas Hospital; Kırıkkale-Turkey

Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) are the major causes of morbidity and mortality in immobile patients. There is observational evidence that intercontinental air travel is associated with a high incidence of DVT and PTE during or within 48 hours of long-distance flights. This situation is known as the economy class syndrome and can affect both the cabin crew and passengers. The term “economy class syndrome” refers to the occurrence of thrombotic events that mainly occur in passengers in the economy class of the aircraft during long-haul flights. This syndrome results from several factors related to the aircraft cabin and the passenger, acting together to predispose to excessive blood coagulation, which can result in venous thromboembolism. In this review, we have shared the relationship between air travel and the formation of DVT and PTE.

Keywords: immobile patients, long-distance flights, observational evidence, pulmonary thromboembolism venous thrombosis

Cengiz Şabanoğlu. The secret enemy during a flight: Economy class syndrome. Anatol J Cardiol. 2021; 25(1): 13-17

Corresponding Author: Cengiz Şabanoğlu, Türkiye
Manuscript Language: English

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