Objective: Ventricular arrhythmias following acute coronary syndrome (ACS) range from benign to life-threatening fatal arrhythmias. Tpeak-end (Tp-e) interval has been shown to be an important parameter in the assessment of repolarization dispersion. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between SYNTAX and Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) risk score calculated on admission and Tp-e interval and Tp-e/QTc ratio.
Methods: A total of 421 patients were included in the study. The patients were divided into 2 groups as low SYNTAX score (≤22) and moderate and high risk SYNTAX score (>22). According to the GRACE risk score, the patients were divided into 2 groups; high-risk patients ≥140 and <140 low-risk patients.
Results: In the group with SYNTAX score >22, the Tp-e interval (p<0.001) and Tp-e/QTc ratio (p<0.001) was found to be significantly higher than in the group with a SYNTAX score ≤22. Tp-e interval (p<0.001) and Tp-e/QTc ratio (p=0.002) was higher in patients with GRACE risk score ≥140 compared with patients with a GRACE risk score <140. The correlation between Tp-e interval and Tp-e/QTc ratio and SYNTAX score (r=0.489; p<0.001) and GRACE risk score (r=0.274; p<0.001) were found to be significant. A significant and independent correlation was found between the SYNTAX score and Tp-e/QTc ratio (β=0.385; p<0.001).
Conclusion: Tp-e interval and Tp-e/QT ratio increased in patients with severe coronary artery disease assessed with SYNTAX score. Tp-e interval and Tp-e/QT ratio increased in patients with a high GRACE risk score.